Philippines expected to release detained journalist Maria Ressa

Philippine journalist Maria Ressa was expected to be released on bail Thursday, after her arrest sparked international condemnation and allegations she is being targeted over her news site's criticism of President Rodrigo Duterte

Ressa spent the night in detention after authorities arrested the veteran reporter at her Manila office Wednesday, a sharp upping of government pressure on her and her website Rappler.

The site and Ressa have been hit with tax evasion charges and now a libel case after clashing repeatedly with Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte over his deadly crackdown on narcotics that has killed thousands.

“The message is clear. It’s an abuse of power. It’s a weaponisation of the law,” Ressa told journalists as she prepared to head to court.

“If they want to scare me, this is not going to scare me,” added Ressa, who was named a Time Magazine “Person of the Year” in 2018 for her journalism.

Her lawyers said they expected to be able secure her release within the day as the charge should carry an automatic granting of bail.

International condemnation from press freedom and human rights groups has poured in since plain clothes agents appeared at Rappler to serve an arrest warrant on the charge that carries up to 12 years behind bars.

“The arrest of Maria Ressa is an outrage,” said Committee to Protect Journalists Board Chair Kathleen Carroll. “She should be freed immediately and the Philippines government needs to cease its multi-pronged attack on Rappler.”

Human Rights Watch Philippines researcher Carlos Conde agreed: “The cases against Ressa and Rappler appear designed not only to intimidate the website, but to eventually shut it down.”

“Ressa’s persecution is part of a broader campaign by the Duterte administration to harass and silence critics,” he added.

– Duterte attacks on media –

The libel case against Ressa and former Rappler reporter Reynaldo Santos, Jr. stems from a 2012 report written about a businessman’s alleged ties to a then-judge on the nation’s top court.

While investigators initially dismissed the businessman’s 2017 complaint about the article, the case was subsequently forwarded to prosecutors for their consideration.

The legal foundation of the case is a controversial law aiming to crackdown on online offences ranging from harassment to child pornography.

Ressa’s team has argued the legislation did not take affect until months after the story was published and is not retroactive, however the government has countered that it is fair game because the story was updated in 2014.

“In essence in the contemplation of the law it is a new article because of the modification, republication,” Markk Perete, spokesman for Department of Justice prosecutors, told AFP. “That is deemed as a new article.”

Rappler concedes the story was updated, but notes it was to fix a typo and no substantive changes were made.

Duterte has lashed out at other critical media outfits, including the Philippine Daily Inquirer newspaper and broadcaster ABS-CBN.

He had threatened to go after their owners over alleged unpaid taxes or block the network’s franchise renewal application.

Some of the drug crackdown’s highest-profile detractors have wound up behind bars, including Senator Leila de Lima, who was jailed on drug charges she insists were fabricated to silence her.

Ressa insists the site is not anti-Duterte, saying it is just doing its job to hold the government to account.

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