The administrative organizations of the Guangdong-Macao In-depth Cooperation Zone were inaugurated on September 17. It’s an unprecedented move to involve a Special Administrative Region (SAR) in governing an area on the Chinese mainland, according to a Nanfang Media Group report.
This is in line with China’s plans to develop a Guangdong-Macau cooperation zone in Hengqin and to further develop a Shenzhen-Hong Kong cooperation zone in Qianhai which was issued on September 5 and 6, aiming to provide more space to drive Hong Kong and Macau’s development.
New system to further Guangdong-Macau integrated development
Hengqin is located in Zhuhai City in Guangdong, just across from Macau, and covers an area of 106 sq km, three times the size of Macau.
Created in 2009, the area is planned to offer Macau new space for economic development. However, the Hengqin development has, until now been mainly directed by Zhuhai, despite its mission to serve Macau.
Under the plan, the management committee co-led by Macau’s Chief Executive and Governor of Guangdong will jointly make decisions on major planning, policies, projects and personnel arrangements while the executive committee will manage the zone’s economy and people’s well-being.
On the first day of operation, the committee launched a series of measures benefiting enterprises and residents in the zone.
Starting from Friday, Macau vehicle owners who want to drive into Hengqin can complete the license application process in Macau. Some enterprises got the first batch of business licenses, and a group of Hong Kong and Macau physicians were granted certificates to work in the zone.
“The new model will mobilize Macau to participate in Hengqin’s development,” said Wang Fuqiang of the China Center for International Economic Exchange, “It will also create an integrated environment that is more suitable to Macau businesses and more favorable to Macau residents.”
In addition, the Hengqin plan indicates that priority will be given to health, modern finance, hi-tech, exhibitions and trade, and culture and sports industries. Eligible industries and enterprises in the zone are subject to a reduced tax rate of 15 percent on business income tax.
“The cooperation zone will maintain the distinction of Macau through developing its signature industries such as traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), tourism and convention,” said Guo Wanda, Executive Vice President of China Development Institute, “It aims to diversify the Macau economy that until recently has been over-reliant on the gambling industry and vulnerable to external risks.”
Guo Wanda highlighted Macau’s universities and its state key laboratories have been doing research on such fields as integrated circuits, new materials and bio-medicine.
“Although they are not necessarily competitive industries of Macau, it will be a boost for sci-tech research and high-end manufacturing through cooperation with other Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area cities,” said Guo.
Qianhai expanded to tackle Hong Kong economic problems
According to the Qianhai plan, the Shenzhen-Hong Kong cooperation zone will be expanded eight times to 120.56 sq km from the current 14.92 sq km. It’s considered as a chance for Hong Kong to tackle some economic problems attributed to the limited space.
Statistics show a total of 11,500 Hong Kong-invested companies registered in Qianhai, an area located in Shenzhen neighboring Hong Kong, and 22.6 billion USD Hong Kong investment employed in Qianhai to date.
“A large number of Hong Kong modern service providers entered the Chinese market through Qianhai but their need is far from fulfilled,” said Cong Liang, Vice Chairman of the National Development and Reform Commission, “Qianhai’s expansion not only offers more space but involves more industry categories to bring Hong Kong’s superiority into full play.”
Qin Weizhong, Shenzhen Mayor, added the city would guarantee one third of its newly transferred industrial land to serve the demand from Hong Kong-funded enterprises.
“We can tell the central government cares about the development of Hong Kong and Macau through these plans,” said Allan Zeman, Chairman of LanKwai Fong Group, a Hong Kong-based company involved in diverse sectors.
“These plans will drive the economy of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macau and provide young people with more job opportunities. It’s time to enhance the connection between Hong Kong, Macao and other Greater Bay Area cities,” he said.
Editor: Zhao Yang, Wing, Keane, Jerry