A lack of transport resources, the city’s heavy economic reliance on the gaming industry, and the overall lower educational level of Macau residents compared to other developed regions of the world, where the main problems identified by a large-scale household survey Department of Sociology of the University of Macau revealed today (Thursday) indicates.
The study took five years to complete having started in 2015, with more than 2,600 households and over 3,500 Macau residents aged 16 or above interviewed.
The survey covered a variety of topics, including social stratification, migration, family transformation, social identity, physical and mental health, values and norms, addiction and crime, and the influences of gaming and tourism.
According to the research, a high percentage of Macau residents is composed of migrants and migrant workers who mostly came from mainland China to reunite with their families or to seek employment.
The survey also indicated that most respondents saw themselves as both Macanese and Chinese, and had a strong identification with mainland China.
It also alleged that most residents show an open and tolerant attitude and support gender equity, however, it indicated that a ‘small percentage’ of the population displayed a conservative attitude and harboured ‘prejudice against marginalised groups’ while opposing gender equity.
‘Multiculturism is prevalent in the faith and value systems among Macau
residents,’ the university indicated.
Another aspect indicated by the survey was that many local residents actively participate in the local election of members of the Legislative Assembly and expressed their opinions and demands to the appropriate government departments through consultation with these associations and the media, among other channels.
Overall the study concluded that overall Macau is a ‘prosperous and wealthy society with stable families’ with local residents ‘generally in good physical and mental health’.
The study was conducted by Department of Sociology Professor Spencer Li De, with Associate Professor Wang Hongyu, Cai Tianji, and Kuo Shih-Ya served as co-principal investigators.